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Italy and wine

Italy today is among the largest producers of wine in the world, together with Spain and France. Viticulture in Italy has remote origins, it was formerly called to Italy (Enotria), land of wine. At that time about 500 years BC, the inhabitants of Enotria already refined techniques of viticulture, vinification and wine conservation. Grapevine existed in Italy since hundreds of years, and they were originating in Greece. The Etruscans throughout Central Italy, kept technique, the cultivation and the production of wine. Later it was the Romans who continued with the production of the wine.
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Denomination s

D.O.C. (controlled denomination of origin).

D.O.C.G (controlled origin denomination guaranteed).

I.G.T. (typical guaranteed indication).

Wine-producing regions:

1-VENETO (18% OF D.O.C. PRODUCTION).

Region of Valpolicella which is also known by its of Amarone della Valpolicella. There are also large blends Valpolicella inks made with Corvina, Molinara and Rondinella. There are various types of wines I.G.T. made with Merlot fine in the region. For whites, the used is the Garganega grape which makes Soave, a white wine with a similarity to Chardonnay.

2-TUSCANY (17% of D.O.C. production).

The Chianti region, known worldwide for the Sangiovese, in the 1970's became the main grape the Sangiovese to produce Chianti. Then there are these noble grapes that are (Merlot and cab) of them there was a so-called wine (Super Tuscan). For the white grape Trebbiano, produced most of Italy and Vermentino, is that its flavor are similar to Sauvignon Blanc.

3- PIEDMONT (11% of the D.O.C. production).

Region of red wines, land of pale Nebbiolo grape and a high content of tannin and a large presence in this area. Nebbiolo from Barolo is one of the great wines of the region which also produced the Moscato d'Asti and Dolcetto.

4-EMILIA-ROMAGNA (9% of the production of D.O.C.).

Region of Lambrusco, fruity dessert wine that was listed for a long time as an economic wine, today are a little more dry wines. No doubt it is the best of this wine-growing area.

5-LOMBARDY (7% of the D.O.C. production).

Region of the wine red (Nebbiolo) but in this area it is called Chiavennasca is lighter flavor and "Pinot" than those produced in the region of Piedmont. In the region of Lombardy also occurs called Pinot Nero or Pinot Noir wines. Franciacorta is the sparkling wine and its production is made of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir with a result in the same style of Champagne.

6-UMBRÍA (7% of the D.O.C. production).

In this region red grape is the variety that exists and is called Sagrantino. Also in this area it grows in quantity the Sangiovese. Grechetto is white grape that is used here with qualities (minerality and Zesty), which is similar to Pinot Grigio. (Chardonnay, Malvasia, Grechetto and Trebbiano) slurry is produced white wine Orvieto.

7-ABRUZZO (7% of the D.O.C. production).

Montepulciano is the primary grape in the Abruzzo and its wines are called Montepulciano d'Abruzzo. Much confusion is because it exists in the Tuscan wine called Vino Nobile di Montepulciano made with Sangiovese. With this grape (Montepulciano), a rich dark wine similar to Cabernet Sauvignon is made with a high content of tannins and herbacious character. Fruity wines are also produced and good drink grape Lacrima.

8-TRENTINO-ALTO - ADIGE (D.O.C. production 6%).

Region which is close to the Alps and produces excellent white wines, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Bianco, Müller Thurgau and Gewürztraminer (latter two sweet-tasting). And here also the blend of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir is a sparkling wine that is compared with the best Champagne.

9-FRUILI-VENEZIA- GIULIA (6% of D.O.C. production) in this region produces a large amount of Pinot Grigio, but with Sauvignon Blanc and Fruilano (local variety), produced some of their best wines.

10 - MARCHE (3% of the D.O.C. production).

Region which is known for the wine world by their sweet and aromatic white wines. The most common wine is the Verdicchio, and Pecorino (white grape and not cheese) is another very special.

11-PUGLIA (3% of the D.O.C. production).

It is the best way to begin to learn about the wide variety of Italian wines, wines from berries of Puglia (Apulia). It is an area where there is a variety of sweet red wines that few places in the world have and are budget-priced. This region is known for the value of Chardonnay.

12-LAZIO (2% of the D.O.C. production).

Rome located within the region of Lazio, their production is small with respect to other regions, however, here you will find fresh and spicy Grechetto that along with the Malvasia variety produce a sweet, aromatic wine.

13-SICILIA (1% of the D.O.C. production).

Sicily due to the warm weather its red wines are rich, dark and fruity. Nero d'Abola is a great red variety which is worthy of the nobility.

14-SARDEGNA (D.O.C. production 1%).

Cannonau is the variety of this region that the truth is the garancha. In this area the grapes have one flavor more rustic and dry with flavors of fruits. In Sardinia, the wines are highly aromatic and sensory contributions are of great value.

15-CAMPANIA (0.5% of the D.O.C. production).

A high level of tannin is called Aglianico and rustic red wine. Usually takes about 10 years in producing what would be a Gran Reserva Spanish. The most typical is the traditional Taurasi. There is a refreshing white wine with a finish of taste of bitter almond called Greco.

16-LIGURIA (0.2% of the D.O.C. production).

Liguria region that was known for its beauty and not for its wines, but with the passage of time came a delicious mix of white wines. Wines with a touch of the breeze marina, perfect to accompany a plate of seafood.

17-CALABRIA (0.17% of the D.O.C. production).

The white wine is produced in this region Greco.

18-MOLISE (0.1% of the D.O.C. production).

Interesting red wines-producing region.

19-BASILICATA (0.1% Dela D.O.C. production).

Excellent Aglianico and intimidating wines that are grown on the side of a volcano.

20-VAL D'AOSTA (0.05 D.O.C. production).

This wine-producing region is the smallest of Italy, produce a pink Pinot Noir and two grapes from this same region which are the Petit rouge (red) and Petite Arvine (white).